Professional teeth cleaning involves the removal of:
* plaque (mixture of bacteria, minerals and some food leftovers),
* tartar (mineralized plaque) and
* stains that have accumulated on the teeth.
Even with careful and routine brushing and flossing of teeth at home, tarter can develop, especially in areas that are difficult to reach with brush. It is recommended to have teeth professionally cleaned every 6-12 months to maintain the health of teeth and gums and to prevent cavities and gum (periodontal) disease. In between professional cleanings, good oral hygiene at home is vital to prevent tartar build-up and gum diseases.