Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone when cannot be fixed with a filling, crown or some other treatment.
Reasons for tooth extraction can be:
- Tooth is severely damaged from trauma or decay to be repaired
- Orthodontic treatment (i.e. in crowded mouth to make room to straighten the other teeth)
- Removing a baby tooth to allow the adult counterpart to come into place better
- Periodontal (gum) disease-if periodontal disease (an infection of the tissues and bones that surround and support the teeth) have caused loosening of the teeth; it maybe necessary to extract (pull) the tooth.
The majority of tooth extractions are ‘routine’. Teeth that are harder to remove will require ‘surgical’ extraction procedures.
‘Routine’ Tooth Extraction Procedure:
- The dentist will usually need to take an X-ray of the tooth and/or of the entire jaw.
- In some cases you may need an antibiotic before having a tooth extracted. This is only if there is a severe or spreading infection in the area.
- Application of local anesthetics.
- The dentist will ensure the tooth and surrounding area is completely numbed.
- Removal is often begun with loosening of the tooth with an instrument (an elevator). This also helps widen the socket, making the next stage easier. During the tooth extraction procedure you will usually feel pressure, but no pain. If you feel any sharp or pinching pain, let the dentist know.
- Forceps are then used to deliver the tooth from its socket.
- The wound is then packed to help clot formation and stop any bleeding.
- The dentist will remove the pack and ensure bleeding has stopped.
- You will receive instructions on aftercare before you can leave the clinic.